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Efficient 1018nm high power fiber laser using intracavity tilted FBG ASE filters

On: Mar 12, 2024

In: High Power Lasers

By: TeraXion

The grating is written with tilted fringes so that the unwanted ASE is reflected into the fiber cladding where it is no longer amplified. Depending on the desired emission wavelength and active fiber, one or several filters are spliced within the active fiber to suppress ASE before it reaches a detrimental power. Numerical simulations clearly show that adding the filters allows amplification in configurations that would just be impossible due to the onset of ASE. The filter bandwidth and extinction, and the maximum allowed active fiber length between each filter are also computed depending on the core/cladding diameter ratio of the active fiber used and the targeted emission wavelength. As an example, a fiber laser at 1018 nm is assembled in a 20/400μm core/cladding diameter ytterbium fiber that is cladding pumped at 976 nm. Two CTFBGs with 20 dB attenuation from 1025 nm to 1070 nm are spliced within the 6-meter-long ytterbium fiber. 432 W of laser emission at 1018 nm is efficiently achieved at 77% slope efficiency with respect to the absorbed pump power. The extinction between the 1018 nm signal and the ASE is greater than 50 dB. Removing the ASE filters from the cavity clearly leads to only self-pulsation of the ASE between 1030 nm and 1050 nm, no generation of 1018 nm light was possible. The measured thermal slope of the filters shows scalability above the kW level. Demonstration at 1908 nm with a 25/400 core/cladding diameter thulium doped fiber is also done. Tests were done to inscribe the CTFBG directly in an ytterbium fiber for simpler implementation and avoid additional splicing.


Bertrand Morasse, Alexandre Perron, Dominic Faucher, Pierre-Michel Belzile, Mathieu Vollant Deschênes, Frédéric Faucher, Guillaume Brochu, François Trépanier, and Pascal Deladurantaye "Efficient 1018nm high power fiber laser using intracavity tilted FBG ASE filters", Proc. SPIE 12865, Fiber Lasers XXI: Technology and Systems, 1286509 (12 March 2024);

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